What is specific learning difficulties (SpLD) in reading and writing (dyslexia)?

The most common type of SpLD is found in reading and writing, which is also known as dyslexia. Children with SpLD in reading and writing, despite having normal intelligence and formal learning experiences, are unable to read, spell and dictate words accurately and fluently.  Such conditions are severe and persistent. Generally speaking, they have poorer literacy skills and weaker cognitive abilities in relation to reading and writing.



  • express better in oral than written means;
  • cannot read fluently, often mispronounce words or forget the pronunciations;
  • have difficulty with spelling/ word dictation despite having made considerable effort to learn;
  • often omit strokes and add unnecessary ones when copying Chinese characters; and
  • get tired easily and need extra effort to concentrate in order to complete reading and writing assignments.


If I suspect that my child might have SpLD in reading and writing, I should…

…initiate contact with the Special Educational Needs Coordinator (SENCO), class teacher, student support team or school social worker.  The school can then provide appropriate support and follow-up according to the needs of my child. 


After my child is assessed to have SpLD in reading and writing, I should...

…provide the school with the SEN information of my child promptly and proactively and maintain communication with SENCO, student support team, class teacher and subject teachers to understand my child’s learning in school and discuss appropriate support strategies with them when necessary.


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